Key Principles of Life as Taught by Islam
Islam is a complete lifestyle. It lays down rules for every aspect of life for its believers. These rules, or principles, are in line with the ethical values as are appreciated by the world and are likely to help one receive immense rewards in the hereafter. Some of the key principles are mentioned below:
Trust thy Lord and Stay Firm:
Muslims must believe in Allah. This belief should be more than only in His existence; one is supposed to believe in His immortality and His Power. Whatever the situation we are destined to face, comes to us by Allah’s will. Not even a leaf falls without His knowledge, and so neither are any of our lives or deeds out of His knowledge. The believers love Him for all the blessings and respect His wisdom for any situation that goes against their wishes.
“Even so, there are some who choose to worship others besides God as rivals to Him, loving them with love due to God, but the believers have greater love for God.” (2:165)
Every one of us has to deal with others in our daily lives. Honesty must be a Muslim’s benchmark. The Prophet of Allah (P.B.U.H) was known for his honesty all over Mecca and Muslims are required to follow in his footsteps. In a hadith, he said:
“You must be truthful. Verily, truthfulness leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Paradise. A man continues to be truthful and encourages honesty until he is recorded with Allah as truthful. And beware of falsehood. Verily, falsehood leads to wickedness and wickedness leads to the Hellfire. A man continues to tell lies and encourages falsehood until he is recorded with Allah as a liar.” [Bokhari, Muslim]
Be Compassionate and Kind:
Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) practiced Islam as is mentioned in Qur’an to the last word. He showed kindness and compassion towards everyone and instructed all Muslims to follow his example. He told his wife, A’isha, to be gentle in these words:
“O Aisha, Allah is gentle and He loves gentleness, and He rewards for gentleness what is not granted for harshness, and He does not reward anything else like it.” [Muslim]
On another occasion, he said:
“He who is deprived of kindness is deprived of goodness.” [Musnad Ahmad]
Strive for good deeds:
Muslims should be eager to do all the good deeds they come across. They know that Allah is aware of all their acts and will reward them immensely.
“For each [religious following] is a direction toward which it faces. So race to [all that is] good. Wherever you may be, Allah will bring you forth [for judgment] all together. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent.” [2:148]
Be easy on oneself:
Humans have their physical and emotional needs. Islam does not require its followers to go beyond their human boundaries. Muslims are advised not to overburden themselves and opt for the easier and moderate ways. A’isha (R.A) said:
"The Prophet (P.B.U.H) was not given a choice between two matters, except that he chose the easier of the two, as long as it was not a sinful act. If that act was a sinful act, he would be the farthest from it. By God! He never avenged himself. He only became angry when people transgressed the limits and boundaries of God; in that case, he avenged [for the sake of God]." [Bukhari]
Stay away from all the major sins:
Allah has laid down clear instructions for Muslims in Quran about all that is prohibited. One must never transgress for Allah is always watching and has knowledge of all our acts, whether they are done openly or in private. He is the merciful Lord; He orders His believers to avoid all the major sins and be pure in their intentions.
“Those who avoid the major sins and immoralities, only [committing] slight ones. Indeed, your Lord is vast in forgiveness. He was most knowing of you when He produced you from the earth and when you were fetuses in the wombs of your mothers. So do not claim yourselves to be pure; He is most knowing of who fears Him.” [53:32]